Friday 19 May 2023

Justicia adhatoda L.

Justicia adhatoda L.

jus-TEE-see-ah -- named for James Justice, Scottish botanist and horticulturist ... Dave's Botanary
ad-hat-OH-duh -- Latinized form of a Sinhalese name of a plant with bitter leaves ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: Malabar nut • Ahom: aoung • Assamese: বগা বাহক boga bahok • Bengali: বাসক basak • Bodo: barsikho jola • Dogri: बसूटी basuti, बरहैंकड़ barahainkad • Gujarati: અરડૂસી aradusi • Hajong: dhola chunchuni • Hindi: अरुस arus, अड़ूसा arusa, प्रामाद्य pramadya, रूस rus, सिंहपर्णी sinh-parni, वाजिनी vajini, वसाका vasaka, विसौटा visauta • Kachchhi: ધ્રાબી અરડૂસી dhrabi aradusi • Kannada: ಆಡುಮುಟ್ಟದ ಗಿಡ aadumuttada gida, ಆಡುಸೋಗೆ aadusoge, ಅಡಸಾಲ adasaala, ಅಡ್ಡಸರ addasara • Kashmiri: बहिकथ् bahikath, बाँस bansa, वास wasa • Khampti: bohabahog • Kokborok: vashak • Konkani: अडूलशा adulasha, अडुलसो adulso, अडुसोगे adusoge • Malayalam: ആടലോടകം adalodakam • Manipuri: ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯡꯈꯥ ꯑꯉꯧꯕꯥ nongmangkha angouba • Marathi: अडुळसा adulasa • Mishing: বাহেক ফুল bahek-phul, বাহক vahak • Mizo: kâwl-dai • Nagamese: mhejung • Nepali: असुरो asuro, कालो भासक kalo bhasaka • Nyishi: basok • Odia: ବାସଙ୍ଗ basanga, ବୃଶ brusha, ନାସା nasa, ପ୍ରାମାଦ୍ୟ pramadya, ଶିବ ମଲ୍ଲିକା shiba mallika, ସିଂହ ପର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ simha parnni • Pahari: बांसटी baanstee, बसूटी basooti • Punjabi: ਬਸੂਟੀ basuti • Rabha: boga-baska, bokkai-mekha • Rajasthani: अडूसा adusa • Rangpuri: botsam luri • Sanskrit: अटरुष atarusa, प्रामाद्य pra-madya, सिंहास्या simhasya, वाजिदन्त vaji-danta, वाजिन् vajin, वासका vasaka, वसुक vasuka, वृषा vrsa • Tagin: basak • Tamil: ஆசலை acalai, ஆடாதோடை atatotai, ஆட்டுசம் attucam, சிம்மமுகி cimma-muki, சிங்கம் cinkam, சுவாது cuvatu, இரத்தபித்தம் iratta-pittam, காட்டுமுருங்கை kattu-murunkai, பாவட்டை pavattai, வாசை vacai, வாசாதி vacati, வைத்தியமாதா vaittiya-mata • Telugu: అడ్డసరము addasaramu • Tibetan: བཱ་ཤ་ཀ ba-sha-ka • Tulu: ಆಡಲೋಡ್ aadalodu, ಆಡುಸೋಗೆ aadusoge, ಯೇಡ್ ಮುಟ್ಟಂದಿ ತಪ್ಪು yedu muttandi tappu • Urdu: ارس arus, اڙوسا arusa, پراماديه pramadya, روس rus


botanical names: Justicia adhatoda L. ... homotypic synonyms: Adhatoda adhatoda (L.) Huth, not validly publ. • Adhatoda zeylanica Medik. • Ecbolium adhatoda (L.) Kuntze • Gendarussa adhadota (L.) Steud. ... heterotypic synonyms: Adhatoda vasica Nees ... and more at POWO, retrieved 13 May 2023
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
Malabar nut
~~~~~ AHOM ~~~~~
written in: Ahom ... almost an extinct language, currently undergoing a revival; was spoken in: Ahom kingdom (some part in present day Assam), ... almost other names for this language: Tai-Ahom
aoung
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
written in: Assamese (অসমীয়া) ... spoken in: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya
বগা বাহক boga bahok
  • XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
written in: Bengali (বাংলা) ... spoken in: West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
বাসক basak
  • for Adhatoda vasica Nees ... Flora of Assam Vol III by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das, R N De
~~~~~ BODO ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari or Latin ... spoken in: Assam ... other names for this language: Boro
barsikho jola
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (डोगरी) ... spoken in: Jammu & Kashmir ... spoken by the Dogras
बसूटी basuti, बरहैंकड़ barahainkad
  • Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with this name ... facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
અરડૂસી aradusi
અરડૂસો araduso - wrong name for this plant
  • for Adhatoda vasica Nees ... Gujarati Lexicon - the most comprehensive Gujarati language resource
  • Many thanks to Kiratsinh Zala for clarification about this name ... Arduso is a different plant which is called Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. ... efloraofindia
~~~~~ HAJONG ~~~~~
written in: Bengali-Assamese (হাজং), Latin ... spoken in: Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal
dhola chunchuni
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
अरुस arus, रूस rus
अड़ूसा arusa, प्रामाद्य pramadya, सिंहपर्णी sinh-parni, वाजिनी vajini
वसाका vasaka
विसौटा visauta
  • WISDOM LIBRARY - the greatest source of ancient and modern knowledge
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (કચ્છી), Sindhi (ڪڇّي) ... spoken in: Kutch region of Gujarat
ધ્રાબી અરડૂસી dhrabi aradusi
  • for Adhatoda vasica Nees ... PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಆಡುಮುಟ್ಟದ ಗಿಡ aadumuttada gida
ಆಡುಸೋಗೆ aadusoge
ಅಡಸಾಲ adasaala
  • or ಅಡಸಲ adasala or ಆಡಸಾಲ aadasaala ... Alar - an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna
ಅಡ್ಡಸರ addasara
  • for Adhatoda vasica Nees ... Five Hundred Indian Plants by Basel Mission, Mangalore
  • Alar - an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna
~~~~~ KASHMIRI ~~~~~
written in: Koshur (Perso-Arabic كٲشُر), Devanagari (कश्मीरी), ... spoken in: Kashmir ... other names for this language: Koshur
बहिकथ् bahikath, बाँस bansa, वास wasa
~~~~~ KHAMTI ~~~~~
written in: Lik-Tai [Khamti variation of Burmese (တဲး)ၵမ်းတီႈ / (တဲး)ၵံးတီႈ] ... spoken by: Tai-Khampti people in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam ... other names for this language: Khampti
bohabahog
~~~~~ KOKBOROK ~~~~~
written in: Roman, Bengali ... spoken in: Tripura ... other names for this language: Tripuri, Kokbarak, Tippera, Trippera
vashak
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (कोंकणी), Kannada (ಕೊಂಕಣಿ), Malayalam (കൊങ്കണി), Perso-Arabic (کونکنی), Romi (Konknni) ... spoken in: Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat
अडूलशा adulasha
  • my mother-tongue
अडुलसो adulso
अडुसोगे adusoge
  • known from Konkani-speaking community
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala, Lakshadweep
ആടലോടകം adalodakam
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
written in: Meiteilon (ꯃꯩꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ) ... spoken in: Manipur ... other names for this language: Meetei
ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯡꯈꯥ ꯑꯉꯧꯕꯥ nongmangkha angouba
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
अडुळसा adulasa
~~~~~ MISHING ~~~~~
written in: Assamese, Devanagari, Latin ... spoken in: Assam ... other names for this language: Mising, Plains Miri
বাহেক ফুল bahek-phul, বাহক vahak
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
written in: Latin, Bengali-Assamese ... spoken in: Mizoram ... other names for this language: Lushai, Duhlian
kâwl-dai
~~~~~ NAGAMESE ~~~~~
written in: Roman ... spoken in: Nagaland ... the Naga languages are a geographic and ethnic grouping of languages, spoken mostly by Naga peoples
mhejung
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (नेपाली) ... spoken in: Nepal, West Bengal, Assam, Sikkim
अलेहा alehaa, असुरो asuro, भसिङ्गो bhasingo, कालो भासक kaalo bhaasak
  • Many thanks to Saroj Kumar Kasaju for help with this name ... efloraofindia
~~~~~ NYISHI ~~~~~
written in: Latin ... spoken in: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam ... other names for this language: Nishi, Nisi, Nishang, Nissi, Nyising, Leil, Aya, Akang, Bangni-Bangru, Solung
basok
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ବାସଙ୍ଗ basanga, ବୃଶ brusha, ପ୍ରାମାଦ୍ୟ pramadya, ଶିବ ମଲ୍ଲିକା shiba mallika (or ଶିବ ମଲ୍ଲୀ shiba malli), ସିଂହ ପର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ simha parnni
ନାସା nasa
~~~~~ PAHARI (or PAHADI) ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (पहाड़ी), Perso-Arabic (پہاڑی) ... variety of languages, dialects and language groups, spoken in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand
बांसटी baanstee, बसूटी basooti
  • Many thanks to Dr Anil Kumar Thakur for help with these names, via comment in ... Names of Plants in India ... these names prevalent in some parts of Himachal Pradesh ... बांसटी baanstee (in mid hill areas) and बसूटी basooti (in lower hills)
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
written in: Gurmukhi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) ... spoken in: Punjab
ਬਸੂਟੀ basuti
~~~~~ RABHA ~~~~~
written in: Assamese (ৰাভা), Bengali ... spoken in: Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal, Meghalaya
boga-baska, bokkai-mekha
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (राजस्थानी) ... spoken in: Rajasthan
अडूसा adusa
~~~~~ RANGPURI ~~~~~
written in: Bengali-Assamese (রংপুরী, কোচ-ৰাজবংশী, দেশী), Devanagari (रंगपुरी) ... spoken in: Bangladesh, north Bengal, lower Assam ... other names for this language: Anchalit, Bahe, Deshi, Koch-Rajbongshi
botsam luri
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (संस्कृतम्) ... used all over India by priests and scholars
अटरुष atarusa (or अटरूष atarusa)
प्रामाद्य pramadya, सिंहास्या simhasya, वाजिदन्त vajidanta, वासका vasaka
  • for Adhatoda vasica Nees ... Learn Sanskrit - पठत संस्कृतम् - शब्दकोशः
वाजिन् vajin
  • Learn Sanskrit - पठत संस्कृतम् - शब्दकोशः
वसुक vasuka
वृषा vrsa
~~~~~ TAGIN ~~~~~
written in: Roman ... spoken in: Arunachal Pradesh ... other names for this language: West Dafla, Bangni ... spoken by: Tagin people or Ghasi Miri people
basak
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ஆசலை acalai, ஆட்டுசம் attucam, சிம்மமுகி cimma-muki, சிங்கம் cinkam, சுவாது cuvatu, இரத்தபித்தம் iratta-pittam, காட்டுமுருங்கை kattu-murunkai, பாவட்டை pavattai, வாசை vacai, வாசாதி vacati, வைத்தியமாதா vaittiya-mata
  • for Malabar nut ... Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
ஆடாதோடை atatotai
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Puducherry
అడ్డసరము addasaramu, వాసక vasaka
~~~~~ TIBETAN ~~~~~
written in: Tibetan ... spoken in: Tibet, Jammu, Kashmir & Ladakh, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bhutan
བཱ་ཤ་ཀ ba-sha-ka
  • 84000 : Translating the words of the Buddha
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
written in: Tigalari (Tulu) was used for writing Vedic texts in Sanskrit, Kannada (ತುಳು), Malayalam (തുളു) ... spoken in: Karnataka, north Kerala
ಆಡಲೋಡ್ aadalodu
ಆಡುಸೋಗೆ aadusoge
ಯೇಡ್ ಮುಟ್ಟಂದಿ ತಪ್ಪು yedu muttandi tappu
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
written in: Urdu (اردو) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka
ارس arus, روس rus
اڙوسا arusa, پراماديه pramadya
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
throughout India
~~~~~ Last updated: 11-04-2024 ~~~~~
Acanthaceae evergreen "sub-herbacious" "Justicia adhatoda" "Adhatoda adhatoda" "Adhatoda pubescens" "Adhatoda vasica" "Adhatoda zeylanica" "Dianthera latifolia" "Gendarussa adhatoda" "Justicia adhathoda" "Malabar nut"

2 comments:

  1. Basooti बसूटी in lower hills and Banstee बांसटी in mid hill areas

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you very much, Anil Kumar ji ... will update the name shortly ... I am assuming these names are in Pahari.

    ReplyDelete

Pogostemon paniculatus (Willd.) Benth.

po-go-STEM-on -- Greek: pogon (beard); stemon (thread, stamen) ... Dave's Botanary pan-ick-yoo-LAY-tus -- referring to the flow...