Tuesday 31 January 2023

Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk.

Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk.

har-PUL-lee-a -- Latinized from the Bengali name harpuli (হাড়পুলি) ... Dave's BotanaryBengal Plants
ar-BOR-ee-uh -- tree-like ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: black tulipwood, dolls eyes, tulipwood, tulip lancewood • Kannada: ಬಿಡಿಸಾಳೆ bidisale, ಬಿಡ್ಯಾಲೆ bidyaale • Konkani: हारपुळी harpuli • Malayalam: ചിറ്റിലമടക്ക് chittilamadakku, പുഴുക്കൊല്ലി puzhukkolli • Marathi: हारपुळी harpuli • Odia: ଫୁଟିକା phutika • Tamil: நெய்க்கொட்டை ney-k-kottai


botanical names: Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk. ... homotypic synonyms: Ptelea arborea Blanco ... heterotypic synonyms: Harpullia imbricata (Blume) Thwaites ... and more at POWO, and Harpullia cupanoides Hiern. auct. non Roxb. ... Botanical Survey of India

distribution in India: eastern India, Deccan Plateau and in the Western Ghats (in evergreen forests up to 1350 m.) - Assam, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu ... Botanical Survey of India
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
black tulipwood, dolls eyes, tulipwood, tulip lancewood
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಬಿಡಿಸಾಳೆ bidisale
ಬಿಡ್ಯಾಲೆ bidyaale
  • for synonym Harpullia cupanoides Hiern. auct. non Roxb. ... Mandayam Digital Library - Latin and Kannada names of indigenous and medicinal plants of Mysore by S G Narsimhachar
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
हारपुळी harpuli
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ചിറ്റിലമടക്ക് chittilamadakku
പുഴുക്കൊല്ലി puzhukkolli
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
हारपुळी harpuli
  • name coined from the genus name, by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Further Flowers of Sahyadri, the second among the three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଫୁଟିକା phutika
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
நெய்க்கொட்டை ney-k-kottai
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Sapindaceae evergreen tree Harpullia Ptelea "Harpullia arborea" "Ptelea arborea" "black tulipwood" "dolls eyes" "tulipwood" "tulip lancewood"

Haplanthodes verticillata (Roxb.) R.B.Majumdar

Haplanthodes verticillata (Roxb.) R.B.Majumdar

¿ hap-LANTH-oh-deez ? -- Greek: haplos (single); anthos (flower)
ver-ti-si-LAH-tuh -- referring to a whorl ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: spiny bottle brush • Gujarati: કાળું કરિયાતું kalu kariyatu • Hindi: काला किरियात kala kiriyat, कस्तुला kastula • Konkani: काळें किरायतें kalem kiraytem • Marathi: जकारा jakara • Tamil: ஒட்டு முடி குறிஞ்சி ottu mudi kurinji


botanical names: Haplanthodes verticillata (Roxb.) R.B.Majumdar ... homotypic synonyms: Bremekampia verticillata (Roxb.) Sreem. • Eranthemum verticillatum (Roxb.) Spreng. • Justicia verticillata Roxb. ... heterotypic synonyms: Dianthera verticillaris (Nees) Stehlé & M.Stehlé • Haplanthus verticillaris Nees ... POWO ... and, Haplanthus verticillatus (Roxb.) Duthie ... Botanical Survey of India

distribution in India: Assam, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, endemic to India ... Botanical Survey of India
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
spiny bottle brush
  • name coined by Flowers of India; the spike of spiny cladodes alluding to a bottle-brush
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
કાળું કરિયાતું kalu kariyatu
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
काला किरियात kala kiriyat, कस्तुला kastula
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
काळें किरायतें kalem kiraytem
  • Enumeration of plants from Gomantak India with a note on botanical excursions to the Castlerock area by V D Vartak
  • काळें kalem = black; किरायतें kiraytem = generic name given to small medicinal herbs
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
जकारा jakara
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
ஒட்டு முடி குறிஞ்சி ottu mudi kurinji
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Acanthaceae endemic annual herb Bremekampia Dianthera Haplanthodes Haplanthus Justicia "Haplanthodes verticillata" "Bremekampia verticillata" "Eranthemum verticillatum" "Justicia verticillata" "Dianthera verticillaris" "Haplanthus verticillaris" "Haplanthus verticillatus" "spiny bottle brush"

Sunday 29 January 2023

Haplanthodes neilgherryensis (Wight) R.B.Majumdar

Haplanthodes neilgherryensis (Wight) R.B.Majumdar

¿ hap-LANTH-oh-deez ? -- Greek: haplos (single); anthos (flower)
¿ kneel-ghey-ree-YEN-sis ? -- of or from Nilgiri Hills; Neilgherry is the Anglicised name of Nilgiri

commonly known as: Nilgiri haplanthodes • Gujarati: નીલ જકારા nil jakara • Konkani: व्हडलें काळें किरायतें vhadlem kalem kiraytem • Marathi: निळा जकारा nila jakara • Tamil: கம்பளிப்பூ குறிஞ்சி kambalipoo kurinji


botanical names: Haplanthodes neilgherryensis (Wight) R.B.Majumdar ... homotypic synonyms: Bremekampia neilgherryensis (Wight) Sreem. • Haplanthodes tentaculata var. neilgherryensis (Wight) J.R.I.Wood • Haplanthus neilgherryensis Wight • Haplanthus tentaculatus var. neilgherryensis (Wight) C.B.Clarke ... accepted infraspecifics: Haplanthodes neilgherryensis var. neilgherryensis ... POWO ... same as Haplanthodes tentaculatus (L.) R.B. Majumdar var. neilgherryensis (Wight) J.R.I. Wood ... Botanical Survey of India

distribution in India: Rajasthan, Daman and Diu, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, endemic to India ... Botanical Survey of India
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Nilgiri haplanthodes
  • name coined, for want of name; derived from the geographical epithet neilgherryensis - of or from Nilgiri Hills
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
નીલ જકારા nil jakara
  • Many thanks to Kiratsinh Zala for help with this name ... efloraofindia
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
व्हडलें काळें किरायतें vhadlem kalem kiraytem
  • Flora of Goa - webpage no longer available
  • व्हडलें vhadlem = larger; काळें kalem = black; किरायतें kiraytem = generic name given to small medicinal herbs
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
निळा जकारा nila jakara
  • name coined, for want of name, by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Flowers of Sahyadri, the first among the three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers
  • निळा nila = blue colour; जकारा jakara = a dense bush, in this context, referring to the spike of cladodes
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
கம்பளிப்பூ குறிஞ்சி kambalipoo kurinji
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Acanthaceae endemic annual herb Bremekampia Haplanthodes "Haplanthodes neilgherryensis" "Bremekampia neilgherryensis" "Haplanthodes tentaculata var neilgherryensis" "Haplanthus neilgherryensis" "Haplanthus tentaculatus var neilgherryensis" "Haplanthodes neilgherryensis var neilgherryensis" "Haplanthodes tentaculatus var neilgherryensis" "Nilgiri haplanthodes"

Saturday 28 January 2023

Haplanthodes tentaculata (L.) R.B.Majumdar

Haplanthodes tentaculata (L.) R.B.Majumdar

¿ hap-LANTH-oh-deez ? -- Greek: haplos (single); anthos (flower)
¿ ten-tak-yoo-LAH-tuh ? -- referring to the tentacle-like spikes

commonly known as: tentacled haplanthodes • Gujarati: નીલ જકારા nil jakara • Konkani: व्हडलें काळें किरायतें vhadlem kalem kiraytem • Marathi: फिकट निळा जकारा fikat nila jakara


botanical names: Haplanthodes tentaculata (L.) R.B.Majumdar ... homotypic synonyms: Bremekampia tentaculata (L.) Sreem. • Haplanthus tentaculatus (L.) Nees • Ruellia tentaculata L. ... heterotypic synonyms: Ruellia aciculata B.Heyne ex Roth ... POWO ... same as Haplanthodes tentaculatus (L.) R.B. Majumdar var. tentaculatus ... Botanical Survey of India

distribution in India: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu, endemic to Western Ghats ... Botanical Survey of India
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
tentacled haplanthodes
  • name coined by Flowers of India, for want of name; derived from the descriptive epithet tentaculata
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
નીલ જકારા nil jakara
  • Many thanks to Kiratsinh Zala for help with this name ... efloraofindia
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
व्हडलें काळें किरायतें vhadlem kalem kiraytem
  • Enumeration of plants from Gomantak India with a note on botanical excursions to the Castlerock area by V D Vartak
  • व्हडलें vhadlem = larger; काळें kalem = black; किरायतें kiraytem = generic name given to small medicinal herbs
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
फिकट निळा जकारा fikat nila jakara
  • this name built on निळा जकारा nila jakara, a name coined by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Flowers of Sahyadri, for Haplanthodes neilgherryensis (Wight) R.B.Majumdar
  • फिकट fikat = pale (esp. colour); निळा nila = blue colour; जकारा jakara = a dense bush, in this context, referring to the spike of cladodes
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Acanthaceae endemic annual herb Bremekampia Haplanthodes Ruellia "Haplanthodes tentaculata" "Bremekampia tentaculata" "Haplanthus tentaculatus" "Ruellia tentaculata" "Ruellia aciculata" "tentacled haplanthodes"

Friday 27 January 2023

Habenaria suaveolens Dalzell

Habenaria suaveolens Dalzell

hab-en-AR-ee-uh -- Latin: habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid's spur ... Dave's Botanary
swah-vee-OH-lens -- fragrant ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: Panchgani habenaria • Kannada: ಪಂಚ್ ಗಣಿ ಹಬೆನಾರ್ಯ panchgani habenarya • Konkani: पाचगणी हबेअमरी pachgani habe-amri • Marathi: पाचगणी हबेअमरी pachgani habe-amri


botanical names: Habenaria suaveolens Dalzell ... homotypic synonyms: Plantaginorchis suaveolens (Dalzell) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. ... heterotypic synonyms: Habenaria panchganiensis Santapau & Kapadia • Habenaria variabilis Blatt. & McCann, nom. illeg. ... and more at POWO

distribution in India: Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka; endemic to Western Ghats ... Singh Jalal, J., & Jayanthi, J. (2018). An updated checklist of the orchids of Maharashtra, India. Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology, 18(1).
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Panchgani habenaria
  • name coined by Flowers of India, for want of name; derived from the geographic epithet of this species' popular synonym - Habenaria panchganiensis Santapau & Kapadia ... panchganiensis = of or from Panchgani, a hill station in Satara district in Maharashtra, India
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಪಂಚ್ ಗಣಿ ಹಬೆನಾರ್ಯ panchgani habenarya
  • name coined, for want of name; ಪಂಚ್ ಗಣಿ panchgani = derived from the geographic epithet of this species' popular synonym - Habenaria panchganiensis Santapau & Kapadia; ಹಬೆನಾರ್ಯ habenarya - the genus name Habenaria, adapted in Kannada language
  • Karnataka Biodiversity Board, 2019. FLORA OF KARNATAKA, A Checklist, Volume – 2: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. 1 - 1002 (Published by Karnataka Biodiversity Board) ... this document has separate entries for Habenaria suaveolens Dalzell and Habenaria panchganiensis Santapau & Kapadia
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
पाचगणी हबेअमरी pachgani habe-amri
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
पाचगणी हबेअमरी pachgani habe-amri
  • name coined, for want of name, by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Flowers of Sahyadri, the first among the three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers ... name derived from the geographic epithet of this species' popular synonym - Habenaria panchganiensis Santapau & Kapadia ... panchganiensis = of or from Panchgani (पाचगणी pachgani in Marathi), a hill station in Satara district in Maharashtra, India; हबेअमरी habe-amri - the genus name Habenaria, Marathicised
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Orchidaceae endemic perennial herb "terrestrial orchid" Habenaria Plantaginorchis "Habenaria suaveolens" "Habenaria panchganiensis" "Habenaria variabilis" "Plantaginorchis suaveolens"

Habenaria furcifera Lindl.

hab-en-AR-ee-uh -- Latin: habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid's spur ... Dave's Botanary
¿ fur-KIF-er-a ? -- Greek: furca (fork); fera (bearing)

commonly known as: forked habenaria • Marathi: नांगें हबेअमरी nange habe-amri • Nepali: सँकलो sankalo • Telugu: నేల జమ్మి గడ్డ nela jimmi gadda


botanical names: Habenaria furcifera Lindl. ... homotypic synonyms: Pecteilis furcifera (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones ... heterotypic synonyms: Habenaria hamigera Griff. • Habenaria tenuicornis Wall. ex Hook.f. ... and more at POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
forked habenaria
  • name coined by Flowers of India, for want of name; derived from the descriptive epithet furcifera = fork bearing
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
नांगें हबेअमरी nange habe-amri
  • name coined, for want of name; नांगें nange = the furcation of a forked stick; referring to the furcated side lobes of the orchid lip; हबेअमरी habe-amri - the genus name Habenaria, Marathicised
~~~~~ NAGA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
सँकलो sankalo
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
నేల జమ్మి గడ్డ nela jimmi gadda
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in states of India ~~~~~
Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Orchidaceae perennial herb "terrestrial orchid" Habenaria Pecteilis "Pecteilis furcifera" "Habenaria hamigera" "Habenaria tenuicornis" "forked habenaria"

Thursday 26 January 2023

Habenaria ovalifolia Wight

Habenaria ovalifolia Wight

hab-en-AR-ee-uh -- Latin: habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid's spur ... Dave's Botanary
o-val-ee-FOH-lee-uh -- oval leaf ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: oval-leaved habenaria • Marathi: उंच हबेअमरी uncha habe-amri • Telugu: నేల జమ్మి గడ్డ nela jimmi gadda


botanical names: Habenaria ovalifolia Wight., Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient 5: t. 1708. 1851. ... synonyms: Habenaria hallbergii Blatt. & McCann, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36: 24. 1932. • Habenaria modesta Dalzell, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 262. 1850. ... Botanical Survey of India
NOTE: Many thanks to Dr Pankaj Kumar Sahani, Dr Sweedle Cerejo and Dr Navendu Page for suggesting that Habenaria ovalifolia Wight and Habenaria furcifera Lindl. are distinct species; here are discussions in efloraofindia, various posts dated:
  1. 14 Sept 2012 - DV :: 02 SEP 12 - 1037 :: ¿ Peristylus ? at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. 19 Sept 2012 - Names of Plants in India :: Habenaria furcifera Lindl.
  3. 02 Oct 2013 - Orchidaceae fortnight :: Habenaria ovalifolia :: Tungareshwar WLS :: DV23
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
oval-leaved habenaria
  • name coined, for want of name; derived from the descriptive epithet - ovalifolia
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
उंच हबेअमरी uncha habe-amri
  • name coined, for want of name, by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Flowers of Sahyadri, the first among the three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers ... उंच uncha = tall, refers to the tall-standing herb; हबेअमरी habe-amri - the genus name Habenaria, Marathicised
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
నేల జమ్మి గడ్డ nela jimmi gadda
  • Many thanks to A. Lalithamba for help with this name ... efloraofindia
  • found listed as synonym of Habenaria furcifera Lindl. ... Raju, Vatsavaya & Chintala, Sudhakar Reddy & Kn, Reddy. (2008). Orchid wealth of Andhra Pradesh, India. Proceedings of Andhra Pradesh Akademi of Sciences. 12. 180-192.
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Orchidaceae endemic perennial herb "terrestrial orchid" Habenaria "Habenaria ovalifolia" "Habenaria modesta" "oval-leaved habenaria"

Wednesday 25 January 2023

Habenaria foliosa A.Rich.

Habenaria foliosa A.Rich.

hab-en-AR-ee-uh -- Latin: habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid's spur ... Dave's Botanary
fo-lee-OH-suh -- leafy ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: leafy habenaria • Marathi: उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri


botanical names: Habenaria foliosa A.Rich. ... synonyms: none ... POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
leafy habenaria
  • name coined, for want of name; derived from the descriptive epithet - foliosa = leafy
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri
  • name coined, for want of name, by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Flowers of Sahyadri, the first among three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers ... उग्र ugra = foetid, flowers smelling unpleasant; हबेअमरी habe-amri - the genus name Habenaria, Marathicised
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Orchidaceae "terrestrial orchid" endemic herb "Habenaria foliosa" "leafy habenaria"

Tuesday 24 January 2023

Gymnostachyum latifolium (Dalzell) T.Anderson

Gymnostachyum latifolium (Dalzell) T.Anderson

jim-no-STAY-kee-um -- Greek: gymnos (naked), stachyum (flower spikes) ... Dave's Botanary
lat-ee-FOH-lee-um or lat-ih-FOH-lee-um -- wide leaves ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: broad-leaf gymnostachyum • Tamil: பெரிய இலை முயல் பல் பூ periya ilai muyal pal poo


botanical names: Gymnostachyum latifolium (Dalzell) T.Anderson ... homotypic synonyms: Cryptophragmium latifolium Dalzell • Phlogacanthus latifolius (Dalzell) Wight ... POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
broad-leaf gymnostachyum
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
பெரிய இலை முயல் பல் பூ periya ilai muyal pal poo
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Acanthaceae endemic perennial undershrub Cryptophragmium Gymnostachyum Phlogacanthus "Gymnostachyum latifolium" "Cryptophragmium latifolium" "Phlogacanthus latifolius" "broad-leaf gymnostachyum"

Monday 23 January 2023

Gymnostachyum pubescens (Lam.) M.R.Almeida

Gymnostachyum pubescens (Lam.) M.R.Almeida

jim-no-STAY-kee-um -- Greek: gymnos (naked), stachyum (flower spikes) ... Dave's Botanary
pew-BES-senz or pub-ess-ens -- downy, short haired ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: grey gymnostachyum


botanical names: Gymnostachyum pubescens (Lam.) M.R.Almeida ... homotypic synonyms: Justicia pubescens Lam. ... heterotypic synonyms: Cryptophragmium canescens Nees • Cryptophragmium serrulatum Nees • Gymnostachyum canescens (Nees) T.Anderson • Gymnostachyum longifolium T.Anderson ex C.B.Clarke • Gymnostachyum serrulatum T.Anderson • Justicia serrulata B.Heyne ex Wall. ... POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
grey gymnostachyum
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Acanthaceae endemic perennial undershrub

Saturday 21 January 2023

Gymnostachyum febrifugum Benth.

Gymnostachyum febrifugum Benth.

jim-no-STAY-kee-um -- Greek: gymnos (naked), stachyum (flower spikes) ... Dave's Botanary
feb-ri-FEW-gum -- Greek: febri (fever); driving away fever ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: fever gymnostachyum • Kannada: ಅಗ್ರದ ಬೇರು agrada beru, ಚಿಟಿಕಿ ಗಡ್ಡೆ chitiki gadde, ಜ್ವರಹರ ಸೊಪ್ಪು jwarahara soppu, ನಾರುಂಬೇಳಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು narumbeli soppu, ನೆಲಮುಚ್ಚಳ nelamuchchala • Malayalam: നാവുനീട്ടി naavuneetti, നിലമുച്ചാള nilamuchchala • Tulu: ಚಿಟಿಕಿ chitki


botanical names: Gymnostachyum febrifugum Benth. ... heterotypic synonyms: Cryptophragmium febrifugum Kuntze • Gymnostachyum alatum Wight • Gymnostachyum febrifugum var. bracteatum ... POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
fever gymnostachyum
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಅಗ್ರದ ಬೇರು agrada beru
ಚಿಟಿಕಿ ಗಡ್ಡೆ chitiki gadde
ಜ್ವರಹರ ಸೊಪ್ಪು jwarahara soppu
ನಾರುಂಬೇಳಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು narumbeli soppu
ನೆಲಮುಚ್ಚಳ nelamuchchala
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
നാവുനീട്ടി naavuneetti, നിലമുച്ചാള nilamuchchala
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಚಿಟಿಕಿ chitki
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Acanthaceae "acanthus family" "ruellia family" endemic "scapigerous herb" Cryptophragmium Gymnostachyum "Gymnostachyum febrifugum" "Cryptophragmium febrifugum" "Gymnostachyum alatum" "Gymnostachyum febrifugum var bracteatum" "fever gymnostachyum"

Gymnosporia puberula M.A.Lawson

Gymnosporia puberula M.A.Lawson

jim-no-SPOR-ee-uh -- Greek gymnos (naked); spora (seed); referring to the seeds that remain attached and exposed when the fruits dehisce
pub-ER-uh-luh -- with tiny hairs ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: Konkan spike thorn, unarmed spike thorn • Marathi: कोंकणी हेंकळ Konkani henkal


botanical names: Gymnosporia puberula M.A.Lawson ... homotypic synonyms: Maytenus puberula (M.A.Lawson) Loes. ... heterotypic synonyms: Gymnosporia gibsonii Kurz • Gymnosporia konkanensis Talbot • Maytenus gibsonii (Kurz) H.B.Naithani & S.Biswas ... POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Konkan spike thorn
  • Flowers of India
  • this name coined for Gymnosporia konkanensis Talbot, which is now considered as synonym of Gymnosporia puberula M.A.Lawson
    Konkan = the region extending from the western coast to the Deccan plateau of India; spike thorn name given to most species of Gymnosporia / Maytenus; other variants: spikethorn OR spike-thorn
  • this species is endemic to Konkan region
unarmed spike thorn
  • this name coined for Gymnosporia puberula M.A.Lawson - which is an unarmed shrub compared to most other species of Gymnosporia of Western Ghats, including Gymnosporia konkanensis Talbot, which is now treated as synonym of Gymnosporia puberula M.A.Lawson
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
कोंकणी हेंकळ Konkani henkal
  • name given for want of name; कोंकणी Konkani = of or from Konkan; हेंकळ henkal = generic name given to many species of Gymnosporia / Maytenus
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Celastraceae endemic shrub Gymnosporia Maytenus "Gymnosporia puberula" "Maytenus puberula" "Gymnosporia gibsonii" "Gymnosporia konkanensis" "Maytenus gibsonii" "Konkan spike thorn" "unarmed spike thorn"

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm.

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm.

¿ JIM-nee-muh ? -- Greek: gymnos (naked), nema (thread), referring to thread-like stamens ... Wikipedia
sil-VESS-tree -- of the woods, growing wild ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: periploca of the woods, small Indian ipecacuanha • Bengali: মেষশৃঙ্গ meshashrunga • Gujarati: ગુડમાર gudmar, મધુનાશિની madhunashini • Hindi: गुड़मार gurmar • Kannada: ಮಧುನಾಶಿನಿ madhunashini, ಸಪ್ಪೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು sappe soppu • Konkani: कावळी kavli • Malayalam: ചക്കരക്കൊല്ലി cakkarakkolli, മധുനാശിനി madhunashini • Marathi: बेडकीचा पाला bedakicha pala, गुडमार gudmar, कावळी kavali, मेढशिंगी medhashingi, वाकुंदी vakundi • Odia: ଲକ୍ଷ୍ମୀ lakshmi, ମେଣ୍ଢା ଶିଙ୍ଗିଆ mendhasingia, ମେଷ ବଲ୍ଲୀ mesha balli, ନାଗପୁଷ୍ପୀ nagapushpi • Sanskrit: अजशृङ्गी ajasrngi, मधुनाशिनी madhunashini, मेढ्रशृङ्गी medhrashringi, मेषशृङ्गी meshashringi • Tamil: சிறுகுறிஞ்சா cirukurinca, கோகிலம் kokilam • Telugu: పొడపత్రి podapatri • Tibetan: sa si nga, sa sri ngi • Tulu: ಮಧುನಾಸಿನಿ madhunasini


botanical names: Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm. ... homotypic synonyms: Marsdenia sylvestris (Retz.) P.I.Forst. • Periploca sylvestris Retz. ... heterotypic synonyms: Asclepias geminata Roxb. • Gymnema affine Decne. • Gymnema humile Decne. • Gymnema parvifolium Wall. ... and many more at POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
periploca of the woods
small Indian ipecacuanha
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
মেষশৃঙ্গ meshashrunga
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
ગુડમાર gudmar, મધુનાશિની madhunashini
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
गुड़मार gurmar
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಮಧುನಾಶಿನಿ madhunashini
ಸಪ್ಪೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು sappe soppu
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
कावळी kavli
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ചക്കരക്കൊല്ലി cakkarakkolli, മധുനാശിനി madhunashini
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
बेडकीचा पाला bedakicha pala (or just बेडकी bedaki), गुडमार gudmar
कावळी kavali, मेढशिंगी medhashingi, वाकुंदी vakundi
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଲକ୍ଷ୍ମୀ lakshmi, ମେଣ୍ଢା ଶିଙ୍ଗିଆ mendhasingia (or ମେଣ୍ଢା ଶିଙ୍ଘିଆ mendhasinghia), ମେଷ ବଲ୍ଲୀ mesha balli, ନାଗପୁଷ୍ପୀ nagapushpi
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
अजशृङ्गी ajasrngi
मधुनाशिनी madhunashini
मेढ्रशृङ्गी medhrashringi
मेषशृङ्गी meshashringi
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
சிறுகுறிஞ்சா cirukurinca
கோகிலம் kokilam
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
పొడపత్రి podapatri
  • వికీపీడియా - స్వేచ్ఛా విజ్ఞాన సర్వస్వమ
  • FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants
  • or బోడ పత్రి bodapathri ... Flora Andhrika - Plant Wealth of Andhra Pradesh, India ... other name variants: పొడ పత్రి podapathri, పుట్లపొడర putlapodara, పుట్లపొద్ర putlapodra, పుట్ట పొడము puttapodamu, పుట్ట పొదర puttapodara
~~~~~ TIBETAN ~~~~~
sa si nga, sa sri ngi
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಮಧುನಾಸಿನಿ madhunasini
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Asclepiadaceae Apocynaceae Asclepiadoideae perennial herbaceous climber Asclepias Gymnema Marsdenia Periploca "Gymnema sylvestre" "Marsdenia sylvestris" "Periploca sylvestris" "Asclepias geminata" "Gymnema affine" "Gymnema humile" "Gymnema parvifolium" "periploca of the woods" "small Indian ipecacuanha" "small Indian ipecac"

Oxystelma esculentum (L.f.) R.Br.

oks-see-STEL-ma -- Greek: oxys (sharp); stelma (girdle); in reference to the sharp segments of the corona ... Dave's Botanary es...