Saturday 30 March 2024

Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene

Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene

FY-luh -- tribe ... Dave's Botanary
no-dee-FLOR-uh -- flowers from the nodes ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: frog fruit, purple lippia, turkey-tangle fogfruit, wild long pepper • Assamese: কুৰকুৰি বন kurkuri bon • Bengali: বুকুনবুটি bukunbuti, কাচড়াঘাস kacharaghas • Dogri: रतोलिया ratoliya • Gujarati: જલપીપર jalapipara, રતવેલીયો rataveliyo • Hindi: भू ओकरा bhu okra, छोटा ओकरा chota okra, जल बूटी jal buti, जल पिप्पली jal pippali, तान taan • Kachchhi: રતવલ ratval, રતોઉખરાર rato-ukharar • Kannada: ಜಲಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ jala hippali, ಕೆರೆಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ kere hippali, ನೀರುಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ neeru hippali, ನೆಲಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ nela hippali • Konkani: अदली adali • Malayalam: ജലതിപ്പലി jalathippali, കാട്ടുതിപ്പലി kattuthippali, നീർതിപ്പലി neerthippali • Manipuri: ꯆꯤꯡꯂꯦꯡꯕꯤ chinglengbi • Marathi: गौर मुंडी goura mundi, जल पिंपळी jala pimpali, रतवेल ratavel • Nepali: अकमर akamar, जल पिप्ली jal piplee, कोकना kokanaa, कुरकुरे झार kurakure jhaar, मत्स्यगन्धा matsyagandhaa, फुली झार phulee jhaar • Odia: ଜଳପିପ୍ପଳୀ jalapippali, କଚରଙ୍ଗା kacharanga, ଲାଙ୍ଗଳୀଶାକ langalishaka, ଶକୁଳାହନୀ shakulahani, ଶାରଦୀ sharadi • Punjabi: ਗੋਰਖਮੁੰਡੀ gorakhmundi • Rajasthani: जलबूटी jalbuti • Sanskrit: अग्निज्वाला agnijvala, बहुशिखा bahushikha, जलपिप्पली jalapippali, लाङ्गली langali, महाराष्ट्री maharashtri, मत्स्यगन्धा matsyagandha, शकुलादनी shakuladani, शारदी sharadi, वशीर vashira • Tamil: பொடுதலை potutalai, தோயபாணம் toyapanam, வன்னிகா vannika • Telugu: బొక్కెనాకు bokenaku, బొక్కెన bokkena, గజ పిప్పలి కాడ gajapippali-kada, మొసలిపప్పు mosalipappu, నీరు పిప్పలి కాడ neeru pippali kada • Tulu: ನೀರ್ ಪಿಪ್ಪಲಿ neerpippali • Urdu: بکن بوٹی bukkan booti, تان taan


botanical names: Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene ... homotypic synonyms: Blairia nodiflora (L.) Gaertn. • Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx. • Platonia nodiflora (L.) Raf. • Verbena nodiflora L. • Zappania nodiflora (L.) Lam. ... POWO, retrieved 29 March 2024
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
frog fruit
purple lippia
Turkey tangle fogfruit
wild long pepper
  • for Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx. ... Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
written in: Assamese (অসমীয়া) ... spoken in: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya
কুৰকুৰি বন kurkuri bon
  • Many thanks to Brahmananda Patiri for help with this name ... facebook
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
written in: Bengali (বাংলা) ... spoken in: West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
বুকুনবুটি bukunbuti, কাচড়াঘাস kacharaghas
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (डोगरी) ... spoken in: Jammu & Kashmir ... spoken by the Dogras
रतोलिया ratoliya
  • Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with this name ... facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
જલપીપર jalapipara
રતવેલીયો rataveliyo
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
भू ओकरा bhu okra
  • FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants
  • or भुंई ओकरा bhunyi okra ... for Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx. ... PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
  • or भूई ओकरा bhui okra ... for Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx. ... BENGAL PLANTS VOL. II by PRAIN, DAVID
  • भू bhu, भुंई bhunyi, भूई bhui = earth, ground; ओकरा okra = popular vernacular name given to Abelmoschus esculentus ... named so, for the plant's ground hugging habit, and presumably, the little flower spikes alluding to okra
छोटा ओकरा chota okra, जल बूटी jal buti, जल पिप्पली jal pippali
  • FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants
  • छोटा chota = small, little; ओकरा okra = popular vernacular name given to Abelmoschus esculentus ... presumably, the little flower spikes alluding to okra
  • जल jal = water; बूटी buti = sprig of a plant, normally of some ethno-medicinal value ... referring to the plant's habitat near to water; and for the plant's medicinal qualities
  • जल jal = water; पिप्पली pippali = long pepper ... referring to plant's habitat near to water, and the tiny fruits on flower spikes resembling long pepper
तान taan
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (કચ્છી), Sindhi (ڪڇّي) ... spoken in: Kutch region of Gujarat
રતવલ ratval, રતોઉખરાર rato-ukharar
  • for Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx. ... PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಜಲಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ jala hippali
ಕೆರೆಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ kere hippali
ನೀರುಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ neeru hippali
ನೆಲಹಿಪ್ಪಲಿ nela hippali
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (कोंकणी), Kannada (ಕೊಂಕಣಿ), Malayalam (കൊങ്കണി), Perso-Arabic (کونکنی), Romi (Konknni) ... spoken in: Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat
अदली adali
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala
ജലതിപ്പലി jalathippali
  • വിക്കിപീഡിയ - സ്വതന്ത്രസർവ്വവിജ്ഞാനകോശം
  • ജല jala = water; തിപ്പലി thippali = long pepper ... referring to plant's habitat near to water; and the tiny fruits on flower spikes resembling long pepper
കാട്ടുതിപ്പലി kattuthippali
നീർതിപ്പലി neerthippali
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
written in: Meiteilon (ꯃꯩꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ) ... spoken in: Manipur ... other names for this language: Meetei
ꯆꯤꯡꯂꯦꯡꯕꯤ chinglengbi
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
गौर मुंडी goura mundi, जल पिंपळी jala pimpali
रतवेल ratavel
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (नेपाली) ... spoken in: Nepal, West Bengal, Assam, Sikkim
अकमर akamar, जल पिप्ली jal piplee, कोकना kokanaa, कुरकुरे झार kurakure jhaar, फुली झार phulee jhaar
  • Many thanks to Saroj Kumar Kasaju for help with these names ... efloraofindia
मत्स्यगन्धा matsyagandhaa
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ଜଳପିପ୍ପଳୀ jalapippali, କଚରଙ୍ଗା kacharanga, ଲାଙ୍ଗଳୀଶାକ langalishaka, ଶକୁଳାହନୀ shakulahani (or ଶକୁଳାଦନୀ shakuladani), ଶାରଦୀ sharadi
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
written in: Gurmukhi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) ... spoken in: Punjab
ਗੋਰਖਮੁੰਡੀ gorakhmundi
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (राजस्थानी) ... spoken in: Rajasthan
जलबूटी jalbuti
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (संस्कृतम्) ... used all over India by priests and scholars
अग्निज्वाला agnijvala, बहुशिखा bahushikha, जलपिप्पली jalapippali, लाङ्गली langali, महाराष्ट्री maharashtri, मत्स्यगन्धा matsyagandha, शकुलादनी shakuladani, शारदी sharadi, वशीर vashira
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
பொடுதலை potutalai
தோயபாணம் toyapanam, வன்னிகா vannika
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
బొక్కెనాకు bokenaku, బొక్కెన bokkena, గజ పిప్పలి కాడ gajapippali-kada, మొసలిపప్పు mosalipappu, నీరు పిప్పలి కాడ neeru pippali kada
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
written in: Tigalari (Tulu) was used for writing Vedic texts in Sanskrit, Kannada (ತುಳು), Malayalam (തുളു) ... spoken in: Karnataka, north Kerala
ನೀರ್ ಪಿಪ್ಪಲಿ neerpippali
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
written in: Urdu (اردو) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka
بکن بوٹی bukkan booti
تان taan
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal
~~~~~ Last updated: 30-03-2024 ~~~~~
Verbenaceae perennial herb "Phyla nodiflora" "Blairia nodiflora" "Lippia nodiflora" "Platonia nodiflora" "Verbena nodiflora" "Zappania nodiflora" "frog fruit" "purple lippia" "turkey-tangle fogfruit" "wild long pepper"

Friday 29 March 2024

Tetrataenium grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) Manden.

Tetrataenium grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) Manden.

¿ tet-ra-TAY-nee-um ? -- Greek: tetra (four), ¿ taenium ?
GRAN-dee or GRAN-day -- large, spectacular ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: hill carrot, wild carrot • Gujarati: બાફળી baphali, દકુ daku, એલા ela • Hindi: डुकू duku • Marathi: बाफळी baphali • Persian: دوقو duqu


botanical names: Tetrataenium grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) Manden. ... synonyms: Heracleum grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) P.K.Mukh. • Heracleum grandis (Dalzell & A.Gibson) S.M.Almeida • Pastinaca grandis Dalzell & A.Gibson • Peucedanum grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) C.B.Clarke ... POWO, retrieved 29 March 2024
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
hill carrot, wild carrot
  • for Peucedanum grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) C.B.Clarke ... Flowers of India, retrieved March 29, 2024
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
બાફળી baphali, દકુ daku, એલા ela
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
डुकू duku
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
बाफळी baphali
~~~~~ PERSIAN ~~~~~
written in: Farsi (فارسی) ... almost a defunct language; spoken in: West Bengal, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Bihar
دوقو duqu
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
Gujarat, Maharashtra; endemic
~~~~~ Last updated: 29-03-2024 ~~~~~
Apiaceae Umbelliferae perennial rootstock herb "Tetrataenium grande" "Heracleum grande" "Heracleum grandis" "Pastinaca grandis" "Peucedanum grande" "hill carrot" "wild carrot"

Peristylus lawii Wight

Peristylus lawii Wight

per-ih-STY-lus -- Greek: peri (around), stylos (column) ... Dave's Botanary
LAW-ee-eye -- named in honour of plant collector J S Law, ICS and botanist

commonly known as: lax-flowered peristylus • Gujarati: શિથિલ ફૂલછડી shitil phulchadi • Hindi: निर्मल फूलछडी nirmal phulchadi • Kannada: ಇಬ್ಬನಿ ಪುಷ್ಪಬಾಣ ibbani pushpabaana • Malayalam: മഞ്ഞുള്ള പൂവമ്പ് manjulla poovambu • Marathi: फुलकाडी अमरी phulkadi amri • Odia: ଶାନ୍ତ ଫୁଲ-ତୀର saanta phula-tira • Tamil: பனி பூ-அம்பு pani pu-ampu • Telugu: మల్లి దుంప malli dumpa


botanical names: Peristylus lawii Wight ... homotypic synonyms: Habenaria lawii (Wight) Hook.f. ... POWO, retrieved 27 March 2024
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
lax-flowered peristylus
  • for want of name, name coined by Flowers of India, retrieved on March 27, 2024
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
શિથિલ ફૂલછડી shitil phulchadi
  • name coined, for want of name; શિથિલ shitil = loose, lax ... descriptive of the flowers arranged along the stem; ફૂલછડી phulchadi = flower-stick ... a generic name coined for Peristylus spp.
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
निर्मल फूलछडी nirmal phulchadi
  • name coined, for want of name; निर्मल nirmal = serene, spotless ... descriptive of the flowers' beauty; फूलछडी phulchadi = flower-stick ... a generic name coined for Peristylus spp.
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಇಬ್ಬನಿ ಪುಷ್ಪಬಾಣ ibbani pushpabaana
  • name coined, for want of name; ಇಬ್ಬನಿ ibbani = dewy ... suggestive of the plant's moist habitat; ಪುಷ್ಪಬಾಣ pushpabaana = flower-arrow ... a generic name coined for Peristylus spp. ... in mythology, ಪುಷ್ಪಬಾಣ pushpabaana = any of the arrows of Kāma, the Love God
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala
മഞ്ഞുള്ള പൂവമ്പ് manjulla poovambu
  • name coined, for want of name; മഞ്ഞുള്ള manjulla = misty ... suggestive of the plant's moist habitat; പൂവമ്പ് poovambu = flower-arrow ... a generic name coined for Peristylus spp.
  • Many thanks to Sam Kuzhalanattu for help with coining the name ... efloraofindia
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
फुलकाडी अमरी phulkadi amri
  • for want of name, name coined by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, the author of Flowers of Sahyadri, the first among the three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ଶାନ୍ତ ଫୁଲ-ତୀର saanta phula-tira
  • name coined, for want of name; ଶାନ୍ତ saanta = calm, gentle, serene ... descriptive of the flowers' poise; ଫୁଲ-ତୀର phula-tira = flower-arrow ... a generic name coined for Peristylus spp.
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
பனி பூ-அம்பு pani pu-ampu
  • name coined, for want of name; பனி pani = dewy, refreshing, soothing ... descriptive of the plant's nature; பூ-அம்பு pu-ampu = flower-arrow ... a generic name coined for Peristylus spp.
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
మల్లి దుంప malli dumpa
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, *Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand
* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state
State-wise / language-wise, this species does not seem to have gained ethnobotanical importance; also, does not seem to be popular enough for earning a worthy name; ironically, even at a family level, there is no generic name given to "orchid" in almost any of the Indian languages.
~~~~~ Last updated: 29-03-2024 ~~~~~
Orchidaceae annual "ground orchid" "terrestrial orchid" herb "Peristylus lawii" "Habenaria lawii" "lax-flowered peristylus"

Tuesday 26 March 2024

Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov.

Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov.

per-guh-LAY-ree-a -- Latin: pergula (arbor), referring to the twining habit of the plants ... Dave's Botanary
¿ DAY-me-uh ? -- Arabic name daemia for Pergularia ... Flora of Zimbabwe

commonly known as: hair knot plant, stinking swallowwort, trellis-vine, whitlow plant • Assamese: অজশৃঙ্গী ajasrngi, ছাগলবাতি chagalabati • Bengali: অজশৃঙ্গী ajasrngi, ছাগলবটি chagalabati, দুধিলতা dudhilata • Dogri: उतमरणी utamarani • Gujarati: ચમાર દુધેલી chamar dudheli, નાગલા દુધેલી nagla dudheli, ઉતરણ utaran • Hindi: ढोली दूधी dholi dudhi, गडरिया की बेल gadaria ki bel, jhutuk, मेंडा सींगी menda singi, सगौवनी sagovani, उतरन utaran • Kachchhi: દૂધરવલ dudharval, દુધરીઆલ dudharial, ટારીવલ tarival, વેડલાવલ vedlaval • Kannada: ಬೇಲಿ ಹತ್ತಿ beli hatthi, ಹಾಲು ಕೊರಟಿಗೆ haalu koratige, ಜುಟ್ಟುವೆಬಳ್ಳಿ juttuve balli, ಕುಂಟಗ kuntaga, ತಳವಾರನ ಬಳ್ಳಿ thalavaarana balli, ಉಗುರುಸುತ್ತಿನ ಬಳ್ಳಿ ugurusutthina balli • Konkani: उतरणी utarni • Malayalam: വേലിപ്പരുത്തി velipparuthi • Marathi: मेंढा दुधी menda dudhi, उतरण utharana • Nepali: बिच्कानी लहरो bichkaanee laharo, दुरे dure • Odia: ବୃଷଗନ୍ଧା brushagandha, ଉତ୍ତୁରୁଡ଼ି utururdi • Punjabi: ਸਿਆਲੀ siali • Rajasthani: गडरिया की बेल gadaria ki bel • Sanskrit: चाण्डालदुग्धिका chandaldugdhika, काकजङ्घा kakajangha, नलिका nalika, उत्तमारणी uttamarani, विषाणिका visanika • Tamil: வேலிபருத்தி veli-p-parutti • Telugu: చేబీర chebira, దుష్టపు చెట్టు dustapu cettu, గురుటి చెట్టు guruti chettu • Tulu: ಉಗುರುಬೂರು ugurubooru


botanical names: Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov. ... homotypic synonyms: Asclepias daemia Forssk. ... accepted infraspecifics: Pergularia daemia subsp. daemia ... heterotypic synonyms: Cynanchum extensum Jacq. • Doemia extensa (Jacq.) W.T.Aiton ... POWO, retrieved 25 March 2024
Was not able to find "Who & Why" changed the genus name Daemia to Doemia; nor was able to find about change of author details from Daemia extensa R.Br. to Doemia extensa (Jacq.) W.T.Aiton
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
hair knot plant
stinking swallowwort
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
trellis-vine
whitlow plant
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
written in: Assamese (অসমীয়া) ... spoken in: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya
অজশৃঙ্গী ajasrngi
  • Many thanks to Samarjit Chowdhury for help with this name ... facebook
  • অজ aja = he-goat; শৃঙ্গী srngi = horns ... refers to the follicles, alluding to horns of a he-goat
ছাগলবাতি chagalabati
  • Many thanks to Brahmananda Pattiri for help with this name ... facebook
  • ছাগল chagala = he-goat (with curling horns); বাতি bati = horns ... refers to the follicles alluding to horns of a he-goat
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
written in: Bengali (বাংলা) ... spoken in: West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
অজশৃঙ্গী ajasrngi, ছাগলবটি chagalabati, দুধিলতা dudhilata
  • Many thanks to Rajandra Bhowmik for help with these names ... facebook
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (डोगरी) ... spoken in: Jammu & Kashmir ... spoken by the Dogras
उतमरणी utamarani
  • Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with this name ... facebook
  • or उत्तमरी uttamari ... Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with this name ... facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
ચમાર દુધેલી chamar dudheli, નાગલા દુધેલી nagla dudheli
ઉતરણ utaran
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
ढोली दूधी dholi dudhi, गडरिया की बेल gadaria ki bel, मेंडा सींगी menda singi, उतरन utaran
  • FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants
  • गडरिया gadaria = shepherd; बेल bel = creeper, climber, vine; मेंडा menda = he-goat (with curling horns); सींगी singi = pair of horns ... refers to the pair of follicles alluding to horns of a he-goat
जुटुक jhutuk, सगौवनी sagovani
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... FLORA OF BARDA MOUNTAIN (KATHIAWAD) by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1910
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (કચ્છી), Sindhi (ڪڇّي) ... spoken in: Kutch region of Gujarat
દૂધરવલ dudharval, દુધરીઆલ dudharial, ટારીવલ tarival, વેડલાવલ vedlaval
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಬೇಲಿ ಹತ್ತಿ beli hatthi
ಹಾಲು ಕೊರಟಿಗೆ haalu koratige
ಜುಟ್ಟುವೆಬಳ್ಳಿ juttuve balli
ಕುಂಟಗ kuntaga
ತಳವಾರನ ಬಳ್ಳಿ thalavaarana balli
ಉಗುರುಸುತ್ತಿನ ಬಳ್ಳಿ ugurusutthina balli
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (कोंकणी), Kannada (ಕೊಂಕಣಿ), Malayalam (കൊങ്കണി), Perso-Arabic (کونکنی), Romi (Konknni) ... spoken in: Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat
उतरणी utarni
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala
വേലിപ്പരുത്തി velipparuthi
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
मेंढा दुधी menda dudhi, उतरण utharana
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (नेपाली) ... spoken in: Nepal, West Bengal, Assam, Sikkim
बिच्कानी लहरो bichkaanee laharo, दुरे dure
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ବୃଷଗନ୍ଧା brushagandha, ଉତ୍ତୁରୁଡ଼ି utururdi (or ଇତୁରୁଡ଼ି itururdi)
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
written in: Gurmukhi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) ... spoken in: Punjab
ਸਿਆਲੀ siali
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (राजस्थानी) ... spoken in: Rajasthan
गडरिया की बेल gadaria ki bel
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (संस्कृतम्) ... used all over India by priests and scholars
चाण्डालदुग्धिका chandaldugdhika
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... FLORA OF BARDA MOUNTAIN (KATHIAWAD) by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1910
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
काकजङ्घा kakajangha, उत्तमारणी uttamarani, विषाणिका visanika
नलिका nalika
  • for Daemia extensa R.Br. ... Learn Sanskrit - पठत संस्कृतम् - शब्दकोशः
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
வேலிபருத்தி veli-p-parutti
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
చేబీర chebira (or చేబుర chebura), దుష్టపు చెట్టు dustapu cettu (or దుష్టపు తీగ dusthapu theega, జిష్టపు తీగ jistapu theega, జిట్టపాకు jittupaku, జుట్టపు తీగ juttapu theega జుట్టు పాకు juttu paakku), గురుటి చెట్టు guruti chettu
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
written in: Tigalari (Tulu) was used for writing Vedic texts in Sanskrit, Kannada (ತುಳು), Malayalam (തുളു) ... spoken in: Karnataka, north Kerala
ಉಗುರುಬೂರು ugurubooru
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, *Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state
~~~~~ Last updated: 27-03-2024 ~~~~~
Apocynaceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadoideae herb creeper "Pergularia daemia" "Asclepias daemia" "Cynanchum extensum" "Daemia extensa" "Doemia extensa" "hair knot plant" "stinking swallowwort" "trellis-vine" "whitlow plant"

Monday 25 March 2024

Pedalium murex L.

Pedalium murex L.

pe-DAH-li-um -- pedalion, a rudder, dilated angles of the fruit ... Loudon's Hortus Britannicus
MYOOR-eks -- Latin: murex -- rough, spiny ... Wiktionary

commonly known as: crow thorn, elephant caltrop, large caltrops • Arabic: khasak-e-kabir • Gujarati: ગોખરુ બોડું gokharu bodu, કડવા ગોખરુ kadva gokharu, મોટા ગોખરુ mota gokharu, ઉભા ગોખરુ ubha gokharu • Haryanvi: बडा गोखरू bada gokharu • Hindi: बडा गोखरू bada gokharu, दक्षिणी गोखरु dakshini gokharu, फ़रीद बूटी farid buti, कडवा गोखरू kadva gokharu • Kachchhi: કડુઆ ગોખરૂ kadua gokharu, ઉભેરા ગોખરૂ ubhera gokharu • Kannada: ಆನೆ ನೆಗ್ಗಿಲು aane neggilu, ದೊಡ್ಡ ನೆಗ್ಗಿಲು dodda neggilu, ದೊಡ್ಡ ನೀರಂಜಿ dodda niranji • Konkani: भरगोखरू bhargokharu • Malayalam: ആനയിരുത്തിമുള്ള് aanayiruthimullu, കാക്കമുള്ള് kaakkamullu • Marathi: गोखरू gokharu, हत्तीचराटे hatticharate, माळवी गोखरू malavi gokharu, मोठा गोखरू motha gokharu • Odia: ଗୋକ୍ଷୁର gokshura • Persian: khasak-e-kalan • Punjabi: ਗੋਖਰੂਕਲਨ gokhrukalan • Rajasthani: बडा गोखुरू bada gokhuru • Sanskrit: बृहत् गोक्षुर brihat gokshura, तिक्त गोक्षुर tikta gokshura • Santali: बड़ा गोखुर bara gokhur • Tamil: ஆனைநெருஞ்சி anai-nerunci, காக்காய்முள் kakkay-mul, பெருநெருஞ்சி peru-nerunci • Telugu: ఏనుగు పల్లేరు enugu palleru, పల్లేరు palleru • Tulu: ಆನೆನೇಗಿಲ್ aanenegilu


botanical names: Pedalium murex L. ... homotypic synonyms: Pedalium muricatum Salisb. ... heterotypic synonyms: Murex burmanni Kuntze • Pedalium microcarpum (Klotzsch) Decne. • Rogeria microcarpa Klotzsch ... POWO, retrieved 24 March 2024
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
crow thorn, elephant caltrop
large caltrops
~~~~~ ARABIC ~~~~~
written in: Arabic (عَرَبِيّ) ... spoken in: various states of India ... Wikipedia
khasak-e-kabir
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
ગોખરુ બોડું gokharu bodu
કડવા ગોખરુ kadva gokharu
મોટા ગોખરુ mota gokharu
  • FLORA OF BARDA MOUNTAIN (KATHIAWAD) by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1910
ઉભા ગોખરુ ubha gokharu
~~~~~ HARYANVI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हरियाणवी or हरयाणवी) ... spoken in: Haryana, Delhi
बडा गोखरू bada gokharu
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
बडा गोखरू bada gokharu (or बड़ा गोखरू bara gokharu), फ़रीद बूटी farid buti
दक्षिणी गोखरु dakshini gokharu
  • or दखनी गोखरु dakhani gokharu ... वनौषधी - प्रा डाॅ मधुकर बाचूळकर चोळेकर
कडवा गोखरू kadva gokharu
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (કચ્છી), Sindhi (ڪڇّي) ... spoken in: Kutch region of Gujarat
કડુઆ ગોખરૂ kadua gokharu, ઉભેરા ગોખરૂ ubhera gokharu (or ઉભા ગોખરૂ)
  • PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಆನೆ ನೆಗ್ಗಿಲು aane neggilu, ದೊಡ್ಡ ನೆಗ್ಗಿಲು dodda neggilu
ದೊಡ್ಡ ನೀರಂಜಿ dodda niranji
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (कोंकणी), Kannada (ಕೊಂಕಣಿ), Malayalam (കൊങ്കണി), Perso-Arabic (کونکنی), Romi (Konknni) ... spoken in: Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat
भरगोखरू bhargokharu
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala
ആനയിരുത്തിമുള്ള് aanayiruthimullu
കാക്കമുള്ള് kaakkamullu
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
गोखरू gokharu
हत्तीचराटे hatticharate, माळवी गोखरू malavi gokharu
मोठा गोखरू motha gokharu
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ଗୋକ୍ଷୁର gokshura
~~~~~ PERSIAN ~~~~~
written in: Farsi (فارسی) ... almost a defunct language; spoken in: West Bengal, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Bihar
khasak-e-kalan
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
written in: Gurmukhi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) ... spoken in: Punjab
ਗੋਖਰੂਕਲਨ gokhrukalan
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (राजस्थानी) ... spoken in: Rajasthan
बडा गोखुरू bada gokhuru
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (संस्कृतम्) ... used all over India by priests and scholars
बृहत् गोक्षुर brihat gokshura, तिक्त गोक्षुर tikta gokshura
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
written in: Ol Chiki (ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), Bengali (সাঁওতালী), Odia (ସାନ୍ତାଳୀ), Devanagari (सान्ताली), Roman ... spoken in: Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha
बड़ा गोखुर bara gokhur
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ஆனைநெருஞ்சி anai-nerunci, காக்காய்முள் kakkay-mul, பெருநெருஞ்சி peru-nerunci
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
ఏనుగు పల్లేరు enugu palleru (or ఏనుగపల్లేరు enuga palleru), పల్లేరు palleru
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
written in: Tigalari (Tulu) was used for writing Vedic texts in Sanskrit, Kannada (ತುಳು), Malayalam (തുളു) ... spoken in: Karnataka, north Kerala
ಆನೆನೇಗಿಲ್ aanenegilu
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
~~~~~ Last updated: 25-03-2024 ~~~~~
Pedaliaceae tropical annual herb "Pedalium murex" "Murex burmannii" "Pedalium microcarpum" "Pedalium muricatum" "Rogeria microcarpa" "crow thorn" "elephant caltrop" "large caltrops"

Pueraria tuberosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC.

pew-er-RAY-ree-uh -- named for Marc Nicolas Puerari, Swiss botanist ... Dave's Botanary too-ber-OH-suh or tew-ber-OH-suh -- tube...