Thursday 7 December 2023

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

¿ nik-TANTH-ez ? -- Greek: nyktos (night), anthos (flower); night blooming ... Dave's Botanary
arh-bor-TRIS-tis -- Latin: arbor (tree); tristis (dull, sad), meaning sad tree ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: coral jasmine, night-blooming jasmine, queen of the night, tree of sorrow • Assamese: নিশিপুষ্পা nixipuspa, পানী-পিপলী pani-pipoli, পাৰিজাত parijat, শেৱালি xewali • Awadhi: हरसिंगार harsingaar • Bengali: হরসিঙ্গার harsinghar, শেফালিকা shephalika, শিউলি shiuli • Bhojpuri: हरसिंगार harsingaar • Bodo: सेवालि बिबार sewali bibarl • Gujarati: હારશણગાર harshangar, પારિજાતક parijatak • Hindi: हरसिंगार harsingar, केसर kesar, नैपालि naipali, नेवारी newari, नीलिका nilika, निशिपुष्पा nishi-pushpa, प्राजक्ता prajakta, रजनीहासा rajani-hasa, शीफालिका shiphalika, शिउली shiuli • Kannada: ಹವಳಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ havalamallige, ಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata • Konkani: पारजत paarjat, पारिजातक parijatak • Malayalam: പാരിജാതം paarijaatham, പവിഴമല്ലി pavizhamalli • Manipuri: ꯁꯤꯉꯥꯔꯩ singarei • Marathi: पारिजातक parijatak, प्राजक्त prajakta, शिवळी shivali • Mishing: এভাগাছ evahgach • Mizo: zanpar • Nepali: पारिजात parijat • Odia: ଅତ୍ୟୂହା atyuha, ଗଉଡ଼ଗଡ଼କା gaurdagardaka, ନୈପାଳୀ naipali, ନୀଳକ nilaka, ନିଶିପୁଷ୍ପ nishipushpa, ପାରିଜାତ parijata, ରଜନୀ ହାସ rajani hasa, ରକ୍ତ ବୃନ୍ତା rakta brunta, ରଞ୍ଜନୀ ranjani, ଶେଫାଳି shephali, ଶିତ ନିର୍ଗୁଣ୍ଡୀ sita nirgundi, ଶିଉଳି siuli • Punjabi: ਹਾਰ ਸਿੰਗਾਰ haar-singaar, ਲਦੂਰੀ laduri, ਪਕੂਰਾ pakura, ਸੀਤਲ sital • Rajasthani: हारसिंगार harsingar, सफेद स्याली safed syali • Sanskrit: अत्यूहा atyuha, मसिका masika, नीलक nilaka, निशिपुष्पा nishipushpa, पारिजात parijata, रङ्गलासिनी rangalasini, रजनीहासा rajanihasa, रञ्जन ranjana, रक्तवृन्ता raktavrnta, शीफालिका shiphalika, शीतमञ्जरी shitamanjari, शुक्लाङ्गी shuklangi, श्वेतसुरसा shvetasurasa • Santali: ᱥᱟᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ saparom • Tamil: சேடல் cetal, சுபுட்பம் cuputpam, சூதம் cutam, கச்சாந்தகரை kaccantakarai, மஞ்சட்பூ mancat-pu, பாரிசாதம் paricatam, பவளமல்லிகை pavala-mallikai, துகிர்த்தாளி tukir-t-tali • Telugu: బందెడ bandeda, పగడపు జిట్ట pagadapu jitta, పారిజాతము parijatamu, శేఫాలి shephali • Tibetan: པ་རི་ཡ་ཏྲ་ཀ pa ri ya tra ka, ཡོངས་འདུས། yongs ’dus • Tulu: ಗೋಳಿಪದ್ಪೆ golipadpe, ಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata • Urdu: هارسنگار har-singar, کيسر kesar, نيپالي naipali, نيواري newari, نيلکا nilika, نشپشپا nishi-pushpa, شيپهالکا shiphalika


botanical names: Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. ... and more listed at POWO, retrieved 27 November 2023
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
coral jasmine, night-blooming jasmine, tree of sorrow (or tree of sadness)
queen of the night
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
written in: Assamese (অসমীয়া) ... spoken in: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya
নিশিপুষ্পা nixipuspa, পানী-পিপলী pani-pipoli (or পানী-পিয়লী pani-piyoli), পাৰিজাত parijat, শেৱালি xewali
  • XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ AWADHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (अवधी/औधी), Perso-Arabic, Latin-Roman ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh ... other names for this language: Audhi
हरसिंगार harsingaar
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
written in: Bengali (বাংলা) ... spoken in: West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
হরসিঙ্গার harsinghar, শেফালিকা shephalika (or শেফালি / শেফালী shephali)
শিউলি shiuli
~~~~~ BHOJPURI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (भोजपुरी) ... spoken in: eastern Uttar Pradesh, western Bihar and northwestern Jharkhand
हरसिंगार harsingaar
~~~~~ BODO ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari or Latin ... spoken in: Assam ... other names for this language: Boro
सेवालि बिबार sewali bibarl
  • XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
હારશણગાર harshangar
પારિજાતક parijatak
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
हरसिंगार harsingar
केसर kesar, नैपालि naipali, नेवारी newari, नीलिका nilika, निशिपुष्पा nishi-pushpa, रजनीहासा rajani-hasa, शीफालिका shiphalika (or शेफालिका shephalika)
प्राजक्ता prajakta, शिउली shiuli
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಹವಳಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ havalamallige
ಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (कोंकणी), Kannada (ಕೊಂಕಣಿ), Malayalam (കൊംകണീ), Perso-Arabic (کونکنی), Romi (Konknni) ... spoken in: Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat
पारजत paarjat
पारिजातक parijatak
  • my mother tongue; name borrowed from Sanskrit
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala
പാരിജാതം paarijaatham, പവിഴമല്ലി pavizhamalli
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
written in: Meiteilon (ꯃꯩꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ) ... spoken in: Manipur ... other names for this language: Meetei
ꯁꯤꯉꯥꯔꯩ singarei
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
पारिजातक parijatak, प्राजक्त prajakta
शिवळी shivali
~~~~~ MISHING ~~~~~
written in: Assamese, Devanagari, Latin ... spoken in: Assam ... other names for this language: Mising, Plains Miri
এভাগাছ evahgach
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
written in: Latin, Bengali-Assamese ... spoken in: Mizoram ... other names for this language: Lushai, Duhlian
zanpar
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (नेपाली) ... spoken in: Nepal, West Bengal, Assam, Sikkim
पारिजात paarijaat
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ଅତ୍ୟୂହା atyuha, ଗଉଡ଼ଗଡ଼କା gaurdagardaka, ନୈପାଳୀ naipali, ନୀଳକ nilaka, ନିଶିପୁଷ୍ପ nishipushpa, ପାରିଜାତ parijata, ରଜନୀ ହାସ rajani hasa, ରକ୍ତ ବୃନ୍ତା rakta brunta, ରଞ୍ଜନୀ ranjani, ଶେଫାଳି shephali, ଶିତ ନିର୍ଗୁଣ୍ଡୀ sita nirgundi, ଶିଉଳି siuli
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
written in: Gurmukhi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) ... spoken in: Punjab
ਹਾਰ ਸਿੰਗਾਰ haar-singaar
ਲਦੂਰੀ laduri, ਪਕੂਰਾ pakura, ਸੀਤਲ sital
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (राजस्थानी) ... spoken in: Rajasthan
हारसिंगार harsingar, सफेद स्याली safed syali
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (संस्कृतम्) ... used all over India by priests and scholars
अत्यूहा atyuha, मसिका masika, नीलक nilaka, निशिपुष्पा nishipushpa, पारिजात parijata, रङ्गलासिनी rangalasini, रजनीहासा rajanihasa, रञ्जन ranjana, रक्तवृन्ता raktavrnta, शीफालिका shiphalika (or शेफालिका shephalika), शीतमञ्जरी shitamanjari, शुक्लाङ्गी shuklangi, श्वेतसुरसा shvetasurasa
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
written in: Ol Chiki (ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), Bengali (সাঁওতালী), Odia (ସାନ୍ତାଳୀ), Devanagari (सान्ताली), Roman ... spoken in: Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha
ᱥᱟᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ saparom
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
சேடல் cetal, சுபுட்பம் cuputpam, சூதம் cutam, கச்சாந்தகரை kaccantakarai, மஞ்சட்பூ mancat-pu, பாரிசாதம் paricatam, பவளமல்லிகை pavala-mallikai, துகிர்த்தாளி tukir-t-tali
  • for coral jasmine / night-flowering jasmine / night jasmine ... Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
బందెడ bandeda, పగడపు జిట్ట pagadapu jitta
పారిజాతము parijatamu
శేఫాలి shephali (or శేఫాలిక shephalika)
~~~~~ TIBETAN ~~~~~
written in: Tibetan ... spoken in: Tibet, Jammu, Kashmir & Ladakh, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bhutan
པ་རི་ཡ་ཏྲ་ཀ pa ri ya tra ka
  • 84000 : Translating the words of the Buddha
ཡོངས་འདུས། yongs ’dus (or ཡོངས་འདུ། yongs ’du)
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
written in: Kannada, Malayalam ... spoken in: Karnataka, north Kerala
ಗೋಳಿಪದ್ಪೆ golipadpe, ಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
written in: Urdu (اردو) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka
هارسنگار har-singar (or هارسنگهار har-singhar), کيسر kesar, نيپالي naipali, نيواري newari, نيلکا nilika, نشپشپا nishi-pushpa, شيپهالکا shiphalika
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
  • widely cultivated; not sure about the extent of (natural wild-growing) distribution
  • botanical / taxonomical portals show inconsistent information regarding extent of distribution in India, even about being native to India
  • पारिजात parijata finds various mentions in the super epics of India: Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas
Bihar, Chota Nagpur (Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal)
Punjab (grows wild in the Siwalik tract up to the Chenab)
~~~~~ Last updated: 08-12-2023 ~~~~~
Oleaceae evergreen tree "Nyctanthes arbor-tristis" "Nyctanthes tristis" "Parilium arbor-tristis" "coral jasmine" "night-flowering coral jasmine" "night jasmine" "the weeping nyctanthes"

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