Wednesday 9 November 2022

Ficus benghalensis L.

Ficus benghalensis L.
The banyan tree (bargad, Hindi: बरगद) is the national tree of India


FY-kus or FIK-us -- from Latin for Ficus carica, an edible fig ... Dave's Botanary
ben-gal-EN-sis -- of or from Bengal (India); sometimes spelled bengalensis ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: banyan, Bengal fig, Indian fig • Apatani: saro sanii • Assamese: বড়গছ borgos, বট-বৃক্ষ bot-brikkho, যক্ষতৰু jokhyotoru, মহাচ্ছায় mohassay, ঐশানু oixanu, শিফাৰুহ xipharuh • Bengali: বট গাছ bot-gacha • Boro: बामोन फाख्रि बिफां bamwn phakhri biphang, फाख्रि लेनजाइ phakhri lenjai • Dimasa: prap bupang • Dogri: बौहड़ bouhar • Garo: gonok • Gujarati: વડ vad, વટ vat • Hindi: बरगद bargad, वट vat • Kachchhi: વડજો ઝાડ vadjo jhad • Kannada: ಆಲದಮರ aaladamara, ಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamara, ವಟ vata • Karbi: চেৰি হান্থৰ cheri hanthor • Kashmiri: वटवृक्षः vatavrkshah, वर् war • Konkani: गोळी रूकू goli rooku, व्हडा रूकू vhada rooku • Kuki: rabung • Malayalam: പേരാൽ peraal • Manipuri: ꯈꯣꯡꯅꯥꯡ ꯇꯔꯨ khongnang taru • Marathi: वड vad, वट vat • Mizo: hmâwng • Nepali: बर bar • Odia: ବର bara, ବଟ ବୃକ୍ଷ bata-brksa • Pahari: बढ़या badhya • Pali: निग्रोध nigrodha, वटरुक्ख vatarukkha • Punjabi: ਬਡ਼ bar, ਬੋਹਡ਼ bohar • Rajasthani: बरगद bargad, बड़ bar • Sanskrit: अवरोहशाखिन् avarohashakhin, अवरोहिन् avarohin, बहुपद् bahupad, भण्डीर bhandira, भृङ्गिन् bhrungin, भूकेश bhukesha, बृहत्पाद brhatpada, ध्रुव dhruva, जटाल jatala, महाछाय mahachaya, मण्डलिन् mandalin, नील nila, न्यग्रोध nyagrodha, पादरोहण padarohana, रक्तफल raktaphala, रोहिन् rohin, शूलिन shulina, शुङ्ग shunga, सिद्धार्थ siddhartha, स्कन्धरुह skandharuha, उपस्थपत्त्र upasthapattra, वैश्रवणावास vaishravanavasa, वैश्रवणोदय vaishravanodaya, वाजिविष्ठा vajivishta, वनस्पति vanaspati, वट vata, वटवृक्ष vatavrksha, विटपिन् vitapin, वृक्षादन vrkshadana, वृक्षनाथ vrkshanatha, वृक्षपाक vrkshapaka, यज्ञवृक्ष yagyavrksha, यक्षतरु yakshataru, यक्षावास yakshavasa, यमप्रिय yamapriya • Santali: ᱵᱟᱲᱮ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ bare dare • Sindhi: بَڙُ badru, ٻَٽُ battu •Tamil: ஆல் aal, அன்னபம் annapam, அவரோகி avaroki, சம்புச்சயனம் campu-c-cayanam, சடாலம் catalam, சிபாருகம் ciparukam, ஏகவாசம் ekavacam, இரத்தப்பலம் iratta-p-palam, இயக்குரோதம் iyakkurotam, ககவசுகம் kaka-vacukam, காமரம் kamaram, காதவம் katavam, கோளி koli, மகாச்சாயம் maka-c-cayam, முதுமரம் mutu-maram, நிக்குரோதம் nikkurotam, பாலி pali, பழுமரம் palu-maram, பூகேசம் pu-kecam, பூதவம் putavam, தொன்மரம் ton-maram, உலூகலம் ulukalam, வைச்சிரவனாலயம் vaicciravan-alayam, வானோங்கி van-onki, வடல் vatal, வடம் vatam, விருகற்பாதம் virukar-patam, யக்கதரு yakkataru, யமப்பிரியம் yama-p-piriyam, யட்சவாசம் yatca-vacam • Telugu: బహుపాదము bahu-padamu, భాండీరము bhandiramu, మర్రి marri, వటము vatamu, విటపి vitapi • Tibetan: ཎི་གྲོ་དཧ ni-gro-dha • Tulu: ಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamara, ವಟ vata • Urdu: برگد bargad


botanical names: Ficus benghalensis L. ... homotypic synonyms: Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp. ... heterotypic synonyms: Ficus indica L. ... and more listed at POWO, retrieved 11 April 2024
Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
banyan
  • ENVIS - FRLHT
  • This tree got the name during the colonial times in India. The early travellers observed that the shade of the tree was frequented by banias or Indian traders; they conducted their business / sold their goods or services under the large tree. In the Gujarati language, baniya means "grocer/merchant" not "tree". Eventually "banyan" became the name of the tree itself. ... content compiled from internet
Bengal fig
  • name derived from Latin name - Ficus benghalensis L.
Indian fig
  • native of Indian subcontinent; it is the national tree of India; the giant banyans of India are the largest trees in the world by area of canopy coverage ... Wikipedia
~~~~~ APATANI ~~~~~
written in: Roman ... spoken in: Arunachal Pradesh ... other names for this language: Apa Tani, Tanw
saro sanii
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
written in: Assamese (অসমীয়া) ... spoken in: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya
বড়গছ borgos, বট-বৃক্ষ bot-brikkho, যক্ষতৰু jokhyotoru, মহাচ্ছায় mohassay, ঐশানু oixanu, শিফাৰুহ xipharuh
  • XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
  • variants of বড়গছ borgos: বৰগছ bor-gos, বটগছ bot-gos
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
written in: Bengali (বাংলা) ... spoken in: West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
বট গাছ bot-gacha
  • Wikipedia ... or simply বট bot
  • or simply বট bot ... XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ BODO ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari or Latin ... spoken in: Assam ... other names for this language: Boro
बामोन फाख्रि बिफां bamwn phakhri biphang, फाख्रि लेनजाइ phakhri lenjai
  • XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ DIMASA ~~~~~
written in: Bengali-Assamese, Devanagari, Latin ... spoken in: Assam, Nagaland ... other names for this language: Hill Kachari
prap bupang
  • XOBDO - A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India ... or prap-pang
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (डोगरी) ... spoken in: Jammu & Kashmir ... spoken by the Dogras
बौहड़ bouhar
  • Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with this name ... facebook
~~~~~ GARO ~~~~~
written in: Roman, Bengali-Assamese, A-Chik Tok'birim ... spoken in: Meghalaya, Assam
gonok
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
વડ vad
વટ vat
અવરોહી avarohi, બહુપાદ bahupada, ભાંડીર bhandira, ભૃંગી bhrngi, ધ્રુવ dhruva, જટાલ jatala, કર્મજ karmaja, ક્ષીરી kshiri, મહાચ્છાય mahacchaya, ન્યગ્રોધ nyagrodha, રક્તફલ raktaphala, સ્કંદરુહ skandaruha, સ્કંધજ skandhaja, શૃંગી shrngi, વૈશ્રવણાવાસ vaishravanavasa, વિટપી vitapi, વૃક્ષનાથ vrukshanatha, યક્ષાવાસ yakshavasa, યમપ્રિય yamapriya -- all derived from Sanskrit
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (हिन्दी) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
बरगद bargad
वट vat
भाण्डीर bhandir, न्यगरोध nyagrodh, पादरोहण padarohan, रौहिण rauhin (or रोहिण rohin), वृक्षनाथ vrikshnath -- all derived from Sanskrit
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
written in: Gujarati (કચ્છી), Sindhi (ڪڇّي) ... spoken in: Kutch region of Gujarat
વડજો ઝાડ vadjo jhad
  • PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) ... spoken in: Karnataka
ಆಲದಮರ aaladamara
  • ENVIS - FRLHT
  • Alar - an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna
ಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamara
ವಟ vata
  • ENVIS - FRLHT
  • Alar - an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna
~~~~~ KARBI ~~~~~
written in: Roman ... spoken in: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland ... other names for this language: Mikir or Arleng
চেৰি হান্থৰ cheri hanthor
~~~~~ KASHMIRI ~~~~~
written in: Koshur (Perso-Arabic كٲشُر), Devanagari (कश्मीरी), ... spoken in: Kashmir ... other names for this language: Koshur
वटवृक्षः vatavrkshah, वर् war
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (कोंकणी), Kannada (ಕೊಂಕಣಿ), Malayalam (കൊങ്കണി), Perso-Arabic (کونکنی), Romi (Konknni) ... spoken in: Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat
गोळी रूकू goli rooku, व्हडा रूकू vhada rooku
  • mother tongue
~~~~~ KUKI ~~~~~
written in: Roman ... spoken in: Manipur, Assam, Nagaland ... other names for this language:Thado, Thado-Pao, Thado-Ubiphei, Thaadou Kuki
rabung
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) ... spoken in: Kerala, Lakshadweep
പേരാൽ peraal
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
written in: Meiteilon (ꯃꯩꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ) ... spoken in: Manipur ... other names for this language: Meetei
ꯈꯣꯡꯅꯥꯡ ꯇꯔꯨ khongnang taru
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) ... spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
वड vad, वट vat
न्यग्रोध nyagrodh -- derived from Sanskrit
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
written in: Latin, Bengali-Assamese ... spoken in: Mizoram ... other names for this language: Lushai, Duhlian
hmâwng
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (नेपाली) ... spoken in: Nepal, West Bengal, Assam, Sikkim
बर bar
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
written in: Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) ... spoken in: Odisha, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ବର bara, ବଟ ବୃକ୍ଷ bata-brksa
ଛାଯାତରୁ chhayataru, ଧ୍ରୁବ dhruba, ନନ୍ଦୀ nandi, ନୀଳ nila, ନୈଯଗ୍ରୋଧ nyagrodha, ମଣ୍ଡଳୀ mandali, ଶୁଙ୍ଗ sunga, ତରୁରାଜ taruraja -- all derived from Sanskrit
~~~~~ PAHARI (or PAHADI) ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (पहाड़ी), Perso-Arabic (پہاڑی) ... variety of languages, dialects and language groups, spoken in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand
बढ़या badhya
  • Many thanks to Dr Anil Kumar Thakur for help with this name, via comment in ... Names of Plants in India ... this name prevalent in lower parts of Himachal Pradesh
~~~~~ PALI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (पालि) ... used by priests and scholars
निग्रोध nigrodha
वटरुक्ख vatarukkha
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
written in: Gurmukhi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) ... spoken in: Punjab
ਬਡ਼ bar
  • or ਵਡ਼ war / ਵੋਡ਼੍ਹ worh ... for the banyan tree / Ficus indica L. ... The Panjabi dictionary. Bhai Maya Singh
ਬੋਹਡ਼ bohar
  • or ਬੋਹਿਡ਼ bohir ... for the banyan tree / Ficus indica L. ... The Panjabi dictionary. Bhai Maya Singh
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (राजस्थानी) ... spoken in: Rajasthan
बरगद bargad, बड़ bar
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (संस्कृतम्) ... used all over India by priests and scholars
वटवृक्ष vatavrksha
अवरोहशाखिन् avarohashakhin, अवरोहिन् avarohin, बहुपद् bahupad, भृङ्गिन् bhrungin, बृहत्पाद brhatpada, भूकेश bhukesha, ध्रुव dhruva, जटाल jatala, महाछाय mahachaya, मण्डलिन् mandalin, नील nila, पादरोहण padarohana, रक्तफल raktaphala, शूलिन shulina, शुङ्ग shunga, सिद्धार्थ siddhartha, स्कन्धरुह skandharuha, उपस्थपत्त्र upasthapattra, वैश्रवणावास vaishravanavasa, वैश्रवणोदय vaishravanodaya, वाजिविष्ठा vajivishta, वनस्पति vanaspati, विटपिन् vitapin, वृक्षादन vrkshadana, वृक्षनाथ vrkshanatha, वृक्षपाक vrkshapaka, यक्षतरु yakshataru, यक्षावास yakshavasa
भण्डीर bhandira, न्यग्रोध nyagrodha, रोहिन् rohin, यज्ञवृक्ष yagyavrksha, यमप्रिय yamapriya
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
written in: Ol Chiki (ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), Bengali (সাঁওতালী), Odia (ସାନ୍ତାଳୀ), Devanagari (सान्ताली), Roman ... spoken in: Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha
ᱵᱟᱲᱮ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ bare dare
  • Many thanks to Prasanta Hembram for help with this name ... efloraofindia
~~~~~ SINDHI ~~~~~
written in: Perso-Arabic (سِنڌِي), Devanagari (सिन्धी) ... spoken in: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan
بَڙُ badru, ٻَٽُ battu
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) ... spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
ஆல் aal
அன்னபம் annapam, அவரோகி avaroki, சம்புச்சயனம் campu-c-cayanam, சடாலம் catalam, சிபாருகம் ciparukam, ஏகவாசம் ekavacam, இரத்தப்பலம் iratta-p-palam, இயக்குரோதம் iyakkurotam, ககவசுகம் kaka-vacukam, காமரம் kamaram, காதவம் katavam, கோளி koli, மகாச்சாயம் maka-c-cayam, முதுமரம் mutu-maram, நிக்குரோதம் nikkurotam, பாலி pali, பழுமரம் palu-maram, பூகேசம் pu-kecam, பூதவம் putavam, தொன்மரம் ton-maram, உலூகலம் ulukalam, வைச்சிரவனாலயம் vaicciravan-alayam, வானோங்கி van-onki, வடல் vatal, வடம் vatam, விருகற்பாதம் virukar-patam, யக்கதரு yakkataru, யமப்பிரியம் yama-p-piriyam, யட்சவாசம் yatca-vacam
  • for the banyan tree ... Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
written in: Telugu ( తెలుగు) ... spoken in: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Puducherry
బహుపాదము bahu-padamu, విటపి vitapi
బాండీరము bhaandiramu
మర్రి marri
పెద్ద మర్రి peddamarri, రోహి rohi
వటము vatamu
~~~~~ TIBETAN ~~~~~
written in: Tibetan ... spoken in: Tibet, Jammu, Kashmir & Ladakh, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bhutan
ཎི་གྲོ་དཧ ni-gro-dha
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
written in: Tigalari (Tulu) was used for writing Vedic texts in Sanskrit, Kannada (ತುಳು), Malayalam (തുളു) ... spoken in: Karnataka, north Kerala
ಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamara
ವಟ vata
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
written in: Urdu (اردو) ... spoken in: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka
برگد bargad
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in INDIA ~~~~~
throughout India
~~~~~ Last updated: 11-04-2024 ~~~~~
Moraceae perrenial "semi-evergreen" tree "national tree" "Ficus benghalensis" "Ficus bengalensis" "Ficus indica" banyan "Bengal fig" "Indian fig"

2 comments:

  1. Badhya बढ़या in lower Himachal

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you very much, Anil Kumar ji ... will update the name shortly ... I am assuming this name is in Pahari.

      Delete

Pogostemon paniculatus (Willd.) Benth.

po-go-STEM-on -- Greek: pogon (beard); stemon (thread, stamen) ... Dave's Botanary pan-ick-yoo-LAY-tus -- referring to the flow...